client : The Jewish agency,
Neighborhood Renewal Dep.
design phase : 1982
The secret of success of any physical plan of a neighborhood lies in
its perception as part of a wider system that
embodies its physical, social and economic structure, a comprehensive
plan that enables to realize to the maximum the potential inherent
in the neighborhood.
The aim of the project was to create in the Ramat Amidar neighborhood a
system that will enable its community to build and revitalize its
communal life as well as the private life of its inhabitants.
The plan was based on a model that was initially developed by the
“Center for Environmental Structure”, Berkeley, for
North Omaha U.S.A (1981).
Unlike existing planning processes by which renewal of
a neighborhood is carried out according to a static master plan that
tries to foresee a future reality and thus makes decisions that will
probably be irrelevant when implemented, here an attempt was made to
create a dynamic planning process which the community will adopt and
use in order to determine its physical future along time, in an
To this end the following method was introduced:
A set of codes was formulated in cooperation with the inhabitants of
the neighborhood, specifying the principles that will govern the
development of the neighborhood and ensure its quality in years to
come. The planning rules as well as the structure of the neighborhood
were conceived as a hierarchical system with the rules relating to each
of the four structural levels of the neighborhood:
- The neighborhood as a whole.
- The sub-neighborhood (together
the sub-neighborhoods create the neighborhood).
- A group of buildings (together
the groups create the sub-neighborhood).
- The individual building (a
number of individual buildings sharing an open space creates a group of
In any renewal process an organic order can emerge only
if the process is gradual and the development and rehabilitation grows
out of the daily reality in the neighborhood. For that purpose any
planning decision must be accompanied by a diagnosis map drawn currently
by the community and the planner in the neighborhood.
For each part of the neighborhood, representatives of its inhabitants
will be responsible for determining the extent to which those
established rules have been followed, and where improvement is called
for always keeping in mind both that specific level of neighborhood
they represent and the larger level of the neighborhood it contributes
to as a whole.
The budgeting principle will also ensure a balanced
distribution of resources
This organic approach, by which the organizational
structure of the neighborhood, the planning rules and the budget
allocation are regarded as a system in which the interrelation between
the parts on every level of scale are mutually contributive, will
ensure a healthy and wholesome renewal.